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Trouble Right Here In Three River City


Hazelwood Woman Blames Husband’s Death On City

The husband of a Hazelwood woman is dead and she’s blaming the city.

Sharon Edge says for two-and-a-half days, she made desperate calls to 911 during last week’s big snowstorm.

Paramedics never came and her husband, Curtis Mitchell, never got the treatment she believes would have saved his life.

Mitchell started feeling very sick two Fridays ago – the night the big storm hit.

More details and video at the link. The short story is that the family is charging that the Pittsburgh EMS crew refused to get out of their ambulance and walk the distance, through the unplowed streets, to the house. The patient couldn’t walk, so the EMS crew cleared the call.

There are a couple of other stories at the KDKA site, although a couple that might have provided more context about the weather and work conditions seem to be unavailable.

Generally, I don’t like to comment on media reports of this kind of thing, because I understand that more often than not they don’t include all the facts, just the ones that fit the narrative that the editors have decided to advance. With that being said, I do have some comments.

Average annual snowfall for Pittsburgh is 42 inches. Which compares to Boston, Detroit, Chicago, and a few other northeast cities. So, snow is not exactly unknown out there. Two feet of snow in one storm is a lot, and it’s going to cause problems with emergency responses off all types. Those problems could last up to 48 hours after the snow starts. I don’t know what contingency plans Pittsburgh EMS has for large snow storms, if any. I know that my service will hire extra people and put extra ambulances in service. Sometimes we’ll also staff a third person on some ambulances, although that has fallen out of favor. During heavy snow, if some streets aren’t plowed for a day or so, we’ll even send the fire department to calls that normally they wouldn’t go to as a temporary measure. Or, we’ll send an extra ambulance if one is available. As both a service and as individuals, we understand that a heavy snow storm is going to make getting to patients and moving them back to the ambulance, is going to be teh suck. We also understand, and out dispatchers try to convey to callers, that calls for less serious emergencies may be delayed. Callers seem to understand that.

I don’t know what the policy is in Pittsburgh, but it would seem not to be similar to what we do. Which surprises me because their system has a generally very good reputation.

The big question here is whether these two paramedics failed to follow established procedure, or if the established procedure failed the patient (and by extension the paramedics)?

This partial transcript tells us what happened, or at least part of it, but it doesn’t answer the bigger question of why it happened.

911 Calls Reveal Hazelwood Man’s Pleas For Help

Not only did the ambulance crew not walk to the address, but the comments of the 9-1-1 operator make it seem as if that decision was within their protocols. Again, it’s hard to know, no it’s impossible to know, from the limited transcripts available.

It will be tempting and easy for the management to blame the paramedics, but I have to wonder if the problem really goes much deeper and reveals lack of preparedness for severe weather across the system? That’s the bigger question that should be answered whether or not the individuals involved are disciplined. That will be the real test of EMS management in Pittsburgh, not their response to media reports.

Above, I mentioned temporarily expanding fire first response under unusual weather circumstances. While that might have help here, because having more hands to carry equipment (and patients) under these conditions is helpful, permanently changing the policy in a knee jerk, after the barn door has closed, fashion is not a solution. It’s not even a band aid approach. It’s theater meant to impress the media and citizens that something is being done about the problem! Not necessarily something helpful or serious, but something that will impress the rubes.

We have to protect our phoney baloney jobs here, gentlemen! We must do something about this immediately! Immediately! Immediately! Harrumph! Harrumph! Harrumph!

Yeah, that sort of thing. Fortunately Pittsburgh has come up with a ready made solution,

Officials Change Procedure After Hazelwood Death

Emergency officials in the city of Pittsburgh have revamped their procedures.

Pittsburgh firefighters are now responding to calls considered less of a medical emergency.

As I wrote above, there are times when the fire department should be sent, even if it’s not medically necessary. Extra manpower is sometimes helpful. The key word is temporary.

“We’ve been open to EMS’ vast call volume whereas in the past it was just strictly life-threatening situations – difficulty breathing, stroke, heart attack, altered state of consciousness,” Pittsburgh Fire Lt. Marc Kelly said. “But now, we share more of EMS’ humungous call load. They have so many calls. We were never part of that before. Less critical.”

This isn’t about improving response, it’s about helping to preserve fire fighters jobs. You’d think that if the problem is not enough ambulances, you’d hire more EMS workers and put more ambulances on the street.

“We don’t have the expertise to judge the critical calls and the non-critical so we go on them regardless of it and the experts will advise us,” Kelly said. “Because the medics get there eventually and they help so we’re available, willing.”

I’m not even sure that’s a coherent sentence. I do know that having people standing around with blank looks on their faces at medical calls isn’t any help. However, it seems that the PFD is following the Rahm Emmanuel prescription of never letting a crisis to go waste.

I hope that the people that run EMS in Pittsburgh do the correct thing in this case. Which is to identify the cause of the problem and fix it. Whether that turns out to be two lazy employees that need to find other careers, or a system that doesn’t have a staffing and response plan for severe weather conditions isn’t the issue. The issue is how management responds and investigates.

No matter what the ultimate outcome, there are lessons here for individual responders and system managers.

Let’s be smart enough to learn them and use them to improve our services.

Rogue Medic has predictably been all over this story and has some more insights. He’s made a couple of points that I have, but also has some thoughts based on his knowledge of the area. I’ve been to Pittsburgh once, about ten years ago. My impression was of a typical northeast industrial city, but one with pretty steep hills. Which only add to the complications of responding in the snow.

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After a long career as a field EMS provider, I'm now doing all that back office stuff I used to laugh at. Life is full of ironies, isn't it? I still live in the Northeast corner of the United States, although I hope to change that to another part of the country more in tune with my values and beliefs. I still write about EMS, but I'm adding more and more non EMS subject matter. Thanks for visiting.


  1. Harumph!Apparently there were ten 911 calls. How many of them resulted in ambulances being dispatched?Of those, how close were the ambulances able to get to the residence?What kind of obstacle did the snow and/or ice present?What options were considered by EMS crews/dispatch/EMS management/911 management?I have worked places where the town, or volunteers, would send a plow ahead of the ambulance and plow the patients' driveways. They would also get out and shovel for us. One problem with this is some people calling 911 when it snows just to get the driveway plowed.What kind of alternative ways to clear a path to the patient has Pittsburgh come up with?Is it to just put the patient in a Reeves and use it as a toboggan? That may work sometimes, but it is not a solution.How many EMS crews responded? If there are a lot of crews involved, that suggests that there is far more to this than lazy EMS.If it is just one crew, that still does not mean the crew was lazy. Another thing to consider is how hard were these crews working in this weather. Moving a stretcher, with a patient on the stretcher, through the snow is not easy work. I was shoveling all weekend at work, then I was able to go home and shovel. I'm too old for all of that shoveling.

  2. As you noted in your email it's far easier for management to throw the crew under the bus (or snow plow) than to take a serious look at whether system deficiencies played a role and if so how much in this situation. Pittsburgh has a fairly strong union and I wouldn't be surprised if when an impartial arbitrator hears all of the facts, he decides that termination (that's what is coming) was unjustified. That of course will give management an excuse to say that they tried to do the right thing but that "the union wouldn't let us." Which is another easy excuse to excuse management incompetence. There are a lot of unanswered (and so far unasked) questions regarding this incident. The question is if management has the honesty to ask them and take the answers seriously.

  3. Regardless, it IS sad that a life was lost in this manner… Hopefully PFD will fix it with the rescue folks.

  4. I do know that having people standing around with blank looks on their faces at medical calls isn't any help. Yeah, with any luck people in "Pgh" will catch on that "The Stare of Life" isn't really what the city and the Fire Department are making it out to be.

  5. To all who have posted here, you are all on the right path, and I assure you Pittsburgh EMS appreciates your support and understanding of the situation we faced, as well as what we are going though. This is a sad time for Pittsburgh EMS, we are being beaten up by the media not just local but now national, not one good story has come out of this its as if all the good things we have done have gone unnoticed. We answered double almost triple our call volume in that initial 48 hours. To start Mike Huss the Public Safety Director who is the former Fire Chief is the driving force behind our crucifixion. We are a great service, there are many factors involved. We had 2 extra units and a paramedic response vehicle. Three crews responded to the call in question, none made it, the third was close, but faced down power lines and a black out, the only thing they asked for was could someone step out or shine a light so they could identify the home, a doctor at the operations center talked to the woman by phone and was convinced that the man had taken his pain meds and sleeping pills and went to bed one minute later the crew received a disregard from dispatch. They immediately were sent to another detail.Our units all trucked through the snow to patients that were critical and life threatening, and even some that weren't. Several vehicles were stuck for up to 9 hours. Plow requests were being denied because the orders were the trucks couldn’t deviate from their assigned routes. Eventually they started pulling them to go to high profile calls, but low profile calls weren’t getting them, like the call that is being mentioned, never was it conveyed to any of the crews that this was a return call.We still remain third service and do all rescue within the City. The Public Safety Director is exploiting this incident to further his agenda.

  6. To be clear, the Pittsburgh Bureau of Fire does NOT have the Star of Life or any state DOH licensure sticker on their apparatus.

  7. I'm not familiar enough with PA EMS law and regulation (well not at all, actually), so I don't understand the significance of that.

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